Despite Cameroon’s entanglement in the Anglophone Crisis, she still opted against the implementation of the Responsibility to protect (R2P). The main aim of R2P is protecting civilians in War stricken Nations and saving them in case of possible Genocide even if it means bypassing Sovereign states. Cameroon is amongst the 13 nations which voted against the inclusion of the R2P during the UN draft meeting in preparation for the upcoming UN Summit. Cameroon and 12 other nations including Syria, Myanmar, China, and North Korea amongst others voted against the inclusion of this clause.
The “Responsibility to Protect” is a global commitment endorsed by member states of the United Nations in 2005, in a world summit to address its four key concerns to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity
A country previously known for its relative calm and peaceful nature, has now become a war stricken zone and a place of danger for civilians. With its motto “Peace Work Fatherland” it has over the years enjoyed and acclaimed peace awards while acting as a home for many refugees who fled from Boko Haram attacks in Nigeria and rebels from Central African Republic despite the attacks from Boko Haram in the Far North region of the country. Cameroon has been known for its rigor and valor as its youths had their heads up high and could speak in the midst of other nations without any fear. Unfortunately, an internal lightning that struck in 2016 has had many want to go back to the drawing board.
The Anglophone Crisis which started with a strike action from Lawyers and teachers over the imposition of French laws into the Anglo-Saxon regions of the country gradually got worst by 2017. This escalation saw the killing of men and women, arbitrary arrest of youths, raid of towns and villages. From the cry of a federated state, the course later gave birth to a call for secession. The call for change overwhelmed and swept the two English speaking regions leaving it with stains of blood and stigma of suffering and hardship. The effects of the crisis have had tremendous effects on the civilian population who are being targeted by the two camps daily. Women and girls are not spared from the clutches of the two camps. When spotted with a separatist or military person automatically that makes you a betrayal and thus a target for the two elephants. The inhumane act perpetrated by both the military and separatists is a call for concern.
The crisis in Cameroon in its worsening state termed to be a brewing magma which may burst into something far worse than the present state, with rampant killings and kidnaping which seems to be people’s hobbies and increase insecurity with almost all military efforts shifted towards the Northwest and Southwest regions as well as the Far North region. With this action one is tempted to think that, the government has no intensions of melting the ice.
Several attempts to hold talks concerning the internal rumble have failed and those successfully held had no substantial results. A special status was accorded to the two regions which entails reconstruction plans and in a recent inaugural ceremony of the follow-up committee, the government promised to provide jobs for the people of two regions. Over time, it has been proven that, Cameroon needs the intervention of the R2P as all measures put in place have failed with the increasing killings and inhumane crimes committed.